Free Details Of How To Build A Simple Electronic Lock Release For a Door / Safe - Using Cheap Off-the-Shelf Components.
COMMENTS Homer SUGGESTIONS

Electronic Door Release - Support Material

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KEYPAD CIRCUITS

Schematic Diagram And Layout The Rest of Ron's Circuits Write To Ron More Free-to-Use Circuits Circuit Exchange International


Circuit Description

Click Here For A Photograph Of The Prototype

Circuit Diagram For 
A Keypad-Operated 
Door-Release Switch



Parts List

Parts List
Suppliers




Worldwide
RS Components




UK & Ireland
Maplin


DANGER
Do not use the "on-board" relay to switch mains voltage. The board's layout does not offer sufficient isolation between the relay contacts and the low-voltage components. If you want to switch mains voltage - mount a suitably rated relay somewhere safe - Away From The Board.



Construction Guide

Click here if you're new to constructing stripboard projects.

The terminals are a good set of reference points. To fit them, you may need to enlarge the holes slightly. Then turn the board over and use a felt-tip pen to mark the 21 places where the tracks are to be cut. Before you cut the tracks, use the "actual size" drawing to Check That The Pattern is Correctly Marked .

When you're satisfied that the pattern is right - cut the tracks. Make sure that the copper is cut all the way through. Sometimes a small strand of copper remains at the side of the cut and this will cause malfunction. Use a magnifying glass - and backlight the board. It only takes the smallest strand of copper to cause a problem. If you don't have the proper track-cutting tool, then a 6 to 8mm drill-bit will do. Just use the drill-bit as a hand tool - there's no need for a drilling machine.


Pattern for Cutting
The Tracks on the
Underside of the Board

Actual Size Of Pattern

Pattern for Cutting
The Tracks on the
Underside of the Board
ACTUAL SIZE



Next fit the Eleven Wire Links, the 9 resistors and the preset - in that order. For the links - I used bare copper wire on the component side of the board. Telephone cable is suitable - the single stranded variety used indoors to wire telephone sockets. Stretching the core slightly will straighten it - and also allow the insulation to slip off.

The resistors are all shown lying flat on the board. However, those connected between close or adjacent tracks are mounted standing upright. See The Photograph Of The Prototype


Add The Nine Resistors - 
The Eleven Wire Links
And The Preset


Now fit the four transistors, the two diodes, the relay and the 14-pin socket. Pay particular attention to the orientation of the diodes. Note that they face in opposite directions. If you are using transistors other than the BC547 - check their pin configuration before soldering them in place.


Add The Semiconductors
The Relay And IC Socket


Next add the six capacitors. Pay particular attention to the orientation of the electrolytic capacitors. They generally have a light coloured stripe down the side next to the negative terminal. Note that all three electrolytic capacitors have their negative terminals facing the top of the board. See The Photograph Of The Prototype


Add The Remaining Components


Turn the board over and examine the underside carefully - to make sure that there are no unwanted solder bridges or other connections between the tracks. If you backlight the board during the examination - it makes potential problem areas easier to spot. When you're satisfied that everything is in order - add the 6 solder bridges.


Add The Seven Solder Bridges


Finish off by inserting the Cmos 4081 into the socket. Pin 1 of the IC should be in the top left-hand corner. Check that all 14 pins have entered the socket. Sometimes - instead of entering the socket - a pin will curl up under the IC.

You're Now Ready To Test Your Circuit


Keypad Layout


Construction 
Of Keypad


General Information

General Information

Test Your Finished Circuit Board
Schematic Diagram And Layout The Rest of Ron's Circuits Write To Ron More Free-to-Use Circuits Circuit Exchange International