This is a DIY - vehicle anti-hijack alarm circuit.
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Hijack Alarm No.3 - Testing Your Circuit

MORE VEHICLE ALARMS

Schematic
Diagram
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Hijack Alarm No.3 - Construction Guide


Introduction

The prototype of Hijack Alarm No.3 was built using only the Stripboard Layout as a guide. So - if you have faithfully reproduced that layout - you will have a working circuit.

Once you're satisfied that your layout is correct - and you have made a careful and thorough check of the underside of the board - it's time to power-up the circuit and test its operation. This is always an anxious moment. If you construct a lot of circuits - you might consider building the Current Limiting Power Supply - or alternatively - you could add the Simple Current Limiter to your existing PSU. Both will let you set an upper limit on the amount of current supplied to your circuit - and so protect it from any serious damage.


Setup

A resistor and an LED are all that's needed to demonstrate that the Buzzer output is working properly - and the same arrangement can de used to simulate the Siren. A couple of pairs of wires will serve as the Door and Reset switches - and for the Ignition - you can use any small single-pole switch.


Click Here For A Photograph Of The Prototype.

Details of How to Prepare 
Hijack Alarm No.3 For Testing



If You Find a Problem

If - in the course of the test - you find that something is not working properly, then a careful inspection of the circuit board should turn up the cause of the problem. If an LED is not lighting - check that it's connected the right way round. Where you've cut the board to size - look for small loose strands of copper left behind by the saw. Check the board for short-circuits caused by component leads touching each other. It can also happen that the stripboard itself is faulty. I have seen cases where the copper tracks have not been completely severed from one another during manufacture.

If you've built your circuit using the specified components - and you've followed the step-by-step construction guide provided - then the chances are that any bug will be caused by something minor - a component connected the wrong way round - a missing or unwanted solder bridge - an incomplete cut in the track etc. If you haven't used the specified transistors or SCR - check the pin configuration. Just because the components look the same - do not assume that they have the same pin configuration.

If you can't see anything obvious - adopt a systematic approach to faultfinding. Begin by double-checking that all of the cuts in the tracks have been made, that they are all - In The Right Place - and that they sever the track completely. Use a magnifying glass - and backlight the board. It only takes the smallest strand of copper to cause a problem.

When you're satisfied that the tracks have been severed in all the right places, check that you have made - and correctly placed - all twelve solder bridges. Mark each bridge with a felt-tip pen - or something similar - so that it can be easily identified later.

Next, carefully examine the full length of each track. Look for unwanted solder bridges. Your felt-tip markings will tell you which ones should be there - and help you identify any that shouldn't be there. Again, if you backlight the board during the examination - it makes potential problem areas easier to spot.

If all else fails and you still haven't found the cause of the problem - work your way through the assembly instructions provided. Check each individual component and link - to make sure that it's present and correctly positioned.

Print out the drawings and mark off the components as you go. Take your time and examine each individual component carefully. Pay particular attention to the orientation of the diodes, the transistors, the SCR and the electrolytic capacitors.


Hijack Alarm No.3 - Photo

Veroboard
Layout
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