|Free Details Of How To Build A Simple Keypad-Operated Switch - Using Cheap Off-the-Shelf Components. |
Do not use the "on-board" relay to switch mains voltage. The board's layout does not offer sufficient isolation between the relay contacts and the low-voltage components. If you want to switch mains voltage - mount the relay somewhere safe - Away From The Board.
Click here if you're new to constructing stripboard projects.
The terminals are a good set of reference points. To fit them, you may need to enlarge the holes slightly. Then turn the board over and use a felt-tip pen to mark the 30 places where the tracks are to be cut. Before you cut the tracks, use the "actual size" drawing to Check That The Pattern is Correctly Marked .
When you're satisfied that the pattern is right - cut the tracks. Make sure that the copper is cut all the way through. Sometimes a small strand of copper remains at the side of the cut and this will cause malfunction. Use a magnifying glass - and backlight the board. It only takes the smallest strand of copper to cause a problem. If you don't have the proper track-cutting tool, then a 6 to 8mm drill-bit will do. Just use the drill-bit as a hand tool - there's no need for a drilling machine.
Actual Size Of Pattern
Next make and fit the Fourteen Wire Links. I used bare copper wire on the component side of the board. Telephone cable is suitable; the single stranded variety used indoors to wire telephone sockets. Stretching the core slightly will straighten it - and also allow the insulation to slip off.
The next stage is to fit the 11 resistors. The resistors are all shown lying flat on the board. However, those connected between close or adjacent tracks are mounted standing upright.
See The Photograph Of The Prototype.
Now fit the transistors and diodes. Note that the PNP transistor is the one with its emitter arrow coloured red. And note that D2 is mounted standing upright. See The Photograph Of The Prototype.
Fit the Capacitors, the IC Socket and the Relay.
Turn the board over and examine the underside carefully - to make sure that there are no unwanted solder bridges or other connections between the tracks. If you backlight the board during the examination - it makes potential problem areas easier to spot. When you're satisfied that everything is in order - add the 6 solder bridges.
Finish off by inserting the Cmos 4081 into the socket. Pin 1 of the IC should be in the top left-hand corner. Check that all 14 pins have entered the socket. Sometimes - instead of entering the socket - a pin will curl up under the IC.
Test Your Finished Circuit Board